Law is a system of rules developed by society or a government to deal with issues like crime and business agreements. It also refers to the individuals who work in this system.
A society with laws provides security, stability, and a sense of fairness in dealings between its citizens and in its relationships with other countries and states. It makes people accountable for their actions, and it protects individual liberty and rights against abuses by the government or other private actors.
The precise definition of law has been a subject of debate throughout history. Some scholars have viewed it as a set of principles or guidelines for moral and social behavior, while others have defined it as the body of legal rulings that a society or government develops to govern itself.
A legal system includes courts, lawyers, and judges. A judge is the official in a court who decides lawsuits brought before it. A lawyer is an individual who works on behalf of a client in a case, helping them to understand and present their arguments. An attorney must be licensed to practice law in a jurisdiction before they can represent a client in a lawsuit. A judge’s decisions are final and binding unless overturned by another court with the authority to review their decisions. The judge’s decision in a case finally determines the respective claims and rights of the parties to the dispute.